One key way to effectively respond to epidemics is through full community engagement. Here are some links that may be helpful.
Community psychology has a long tradition of work in the area of community support. Mobilising the resilience of collective support under challenging times. The Society for Community Action and Research has a COVID-19 toolbox, which you can find here
The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies established in 2017 “Epidemics begin and end in communities. When communities are engaged and trained in epidemic preparedness and response, they become vital contributors to finding and stopping outbreaks, saving lives, restoring services, reducing negative impacts, speeding recovery and building resilience.”