Higher Education in Community Psychology in Europe.
A review by EFPA Standing Committee on Community Psychology.
In our ongoing survey we found that probably 68% of European countries have not included community psychology in their general psychology education.
On the other hand, community psychology is a regular part of the educational system in 32% of European countries.
In 2018, the Standing Committee on Community Psychology (SC-CP) contacted universities in European countries which are teaching community psychology at different educational levels.
The review is based on the answers from fourteen National Psychological Associations. The review data show that CPS is systematically taught in a variety of psychology disciplines in at least 35 universities in countries (Finland, Germany, Italy, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom).
Community psychology is mentioned in social psychology, health psychology, environmental psychology, educational psychology, applied psychology, cultural psychology and clinical psychology.
At the BSc-level two universities in Portugal and the United Kingdom offer specialized community psychology studies. In 20 European universities (Italy, Portugal, Spain, United Kingdom) community psychology studies are organized at the MSc-level.
In addition, community psychology Ph.D. programs are part of the educational program in 16 universities. Community psychology is offered as a subject without specific qualification, at ten universities in Italy, Portugal, Spain, and United Kingdom. One university offers a specialized orientation in developing communities (Portugal), one university integrated community psychology in organizational psychology (Spain), one university is community psychology and school oriented, and one has an explicit critical orientation emphasizing human rights (United Kingdom). Four European universities in Spain and United Kingdom are including community psychology as part of Applied Social Psychology. More clinically oriented are two universities in Italy and United Kingdom.
The overarching goal of community psychology education is a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods.
Community psychology theories are building on concepts such as salutogenesis, ecological models; empowerment, well-being, sense of community, human rights, social network and social change.
Common research interests are shared between the universities, and some teachers are regular invited guest lecturers to other Universities.
Comprehensive core competences and key elements in community psychology were not sufficiently reported to be included in the review by different universities.
As part of its work plan, the Standing Committee on Community Psychology is developing a primer of basic community psychology competences to be included in programs like EuroPsy.
Prof. Dr. Bernd Röhrle,
Member of the Standing Committee on Community Psychology.